• Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

    UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Surface Mining Methods and Equipment - J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS)

  • Ramaco Resources - Official Site

    Our mines possess geologic and logistical advantages that we believe will make our coal among the lowest delivered-cost U.S. domestic metallurgical coal to a majority of our domestic target customer base, U.S.-based blast furnace steel mills and U.S.-based coke plants, as well as international metallurgical coal consumers.

  • Mine Services - Water | Introduction | underground COAL

    Water. Large quantities of water are used in mining operations for cooling machinery, dust suppression, cleaning, fire-fighting and drinking. Water supplies are normally carried in steel pipes from surface to points close to the work places, with flexible hoses used for the final connections.

  • The Coal Fields of Bay County - Michigan Family History Network

    The Coal Fields of Bay County ***PREFACE*** The laws of nature are inexorable, and there is doubtless no more striking feature of human action than our natural slowness in appreciating the advantages that beset us on every side. Thus it is that we are unable to gra

  • Shaft Mining, Mining Techniques, Underground Mining, Mining ...

    Shaft mining is the earnest form of underground mining. Underground mining is selected when the rock or mineral is so far to reach using surface mining.

  • Best-performing battery metal of the past year isn't cobalt ...

    A metal that's in demand for batteries is surging, and it's not the one everyone's talking about.

  • Fossil Fuel » The Disadvantages of Coal

    Burning coal emits harmful waste such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphuric acids, arsenic and ash. It also emits twice as much carbon dioxide when compared with natural gas to produce the same level of heat, which increased the levels of harmful greenhouse gases emitted into the earth's atmosphere.

  • Turning Brownfields into Greenfields: From Coal to Clean Energy

    As the coal industry declines in many places around the world, can the mines it leaves behind be repurposed for clean energy projects?

  • Clean Coal: Pros and Cons - Triple Pundit: People, Planet, Profit

    Coals low cost energy is the only thing this country can afford honestly. Not to mention the thousands of jobs coal mining provides. I would suggest you come up with a cleaner energy source that can be produced cleaner and as cost effective. when you figure this out then you would also need to create as many jobs as youve destroyed.

  • Coal: A Human History: Barbara Freese ... - amazon.com

    Coal: A Human History [Barbara Freese] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Prized as the best stone in Britain by Roman invaders who carved jewelry out of it, coal has transformed societies

  • News - Australian Mining

    Established in 1908, Australian Mining magazine keeps you informed on the latest news and innovation in the mining industry - Mining News

  • How Coal Works | Union of Concerned Scientists

    Two dominant methods account for the vast majority of underground coal mining: "room and pillar" and "longwall" mining.. In room and pillar mining, seams of coal are partially mined, leaving large pillars of coal intact to support the overlying layers of rock.

  • Energy Resources: Fossil Fuels - Claranet COM

    Coal, oil and gas are called "fossil fuels" because they have been formed from the organic remains of prehistoric plants and animals. Find out more about how they formed at:

  • Yanzhou Coal Mining Company Limited

    Yanzhou Coal Mining Company Limited, a controlled-subsidiary of Yankuang Group Company Limited, was listed on Stock Exchanges of Hong Kong, New York and Shanghai in 1998.

  • Mining - water, effects, environmental, disasters, United ...

    Modern mining is an industry that involves the exploration for and removal of minerals from the earth, economically and with minimum damage to the environment.

  • Drift mining - Wikipedia

    Drift mining is either the mining of an ore deposit by underground methods, or the working of coal seams accessed by adits driven into the surface outcrop of the coal bed. A drift mine is an underground mine in which the entry or access is above water level and generally on the slope of a hill, driven horizontally into the ore seam.

  • Spinning Jenny - Spartacus Educational

    James Hargreaves was a weaver living in the village of Stanhill in Lancashire. It is claimed that one day his daughter Jenny, accidentally knocked over over the family spinning wheel.

  • Coal Advantages and Disadvantages – Pros of Coal Winning ...

    2) Continuous,Predictable,Reliable Source of Power – Coal Based Energy can be generated almost 24×7 unlike other forms of renewable energy like wind and solar that are intermittent in nature.

  • Underground coal gasification - Wikipedia

    Underground coal gasification (UCG) is an industrial process which converts coal into product gas. UCG is an in-situ gasification process carried out in non-mined coal seams using injection of oxidants, and bringing the product gas to surface through production wells drilled from the surface.

  • Mining Operations — Westmoreland Coal Company

    Coal Overview. The Company's mining operations include Westmoreland Mining LLC, which through its subsidiaries, operates four mining complexes in the United States, Prairie Mines & Royalty ULC, which operates five mining complexes in Canada, Westmoreland Resources, Inc., which operates the Absaloka Mine, Westmoreland Kemmerer, Inc., which ...

  • Mining | Britannica.com

    Mining: Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas. A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure.

  • Should we expect a crisis in the Russian coal industry ...

    The main objective of Russian coal companies is to manage internal crises: managerial, bureaucratic and technological crises.

  • Arch Coal - Official Site

    Arch Coal (ACI) is the second largest U.S. coal producer. Through our national network of mines, we contribute 16% of America's annual coal supply. We strive to operate the world's safest and most responsible low-sulfur, clean coal mines.

  • Fossil Fuels: Their Advantages and Disadvantages

    What are the major advantages and disadvantages of fossil fuels? Easy to understand facts.

  • Knight Hawk Coal | Illinois Coal Mining Company

    Knight Hawk Coal LLC is a family-owned coal mining company that produces high-quality, low chlorine coal to the U.S.